ethical principles in research ppt

The final arbiters of ethical questions are individuals themselves. (b) When offering professional services as an inducement for research participation, psychologists clarify the nature of the services, as well as the risks, obligations, and limitations. Mere possession of an institutional position, such as department chair, does not justify authorship credit. Ethical Responsibilities of Researchers• Each individual scientist has the ethical responsibility to seek knowledge and to strive to improve the quality of life (Shaughnessy, Zechmeister, & Zechmeister, 2003)• Requirements of scientists (Diener & Crandall, 1978): – Competence – Report results accurately – Manage resources honestly – Acknowledge others – Consider the consequences … (g) When it is appropriate that an animal's life be terminated, psychologists proceed rapidly, with an effort to minimize pain and in accordance with accepted procedures.8.10 Reporting Research Results(a) Psychologists do not fabricate data. (c) Psychologists ensure that all individuals under their supervision who are using animals have received instruction in research methods and in the care, maintenance, and handling of the species being used, to the extent appropriate to their role. Research that involves human subjects or participants raises unique and complex ethical, legal, social and political issues. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. The current version of the ethics code, which introduced the distinction between … Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? According to ethical skepticism, ethical decisions must be a matter of the individuals conscience: One should do what one thinks is right and refrain from doing what one thinks is wrong. The main principles of ethical research are intended to achieve this goal. Thus, a skeptic would claim that research ethics cannot be imposed from the outside, but rather are a matter of the individual researcher’s conscience.3.) General Principles: …are aspirational in nature……. Applying these principles to a company will ensure ethical operation into the future. PPT – Ethical Principles PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 23fc7d-YTRlZ, The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. Psychologists consult with, refer to, or cooperate with other professionals and institutions to the extent needed to serve the best interests of those with whom they work. However, there are a number of principles of ethics that are nearly universal in the business world. of research When most people think of ethics (or morals), they think of rules for distinguishing between right and wrong. Integrity. )(d) Psychologists make reasonable efforts to minimize the discomfort, infection, illness, and pain of animal subjects. Main Principles for Research Ethical Considerations. However, when the researcher’s obligations to science and society conflict with obligations to protect the rights and welfare of research participants, the researcher faces an ethical dilemma. Psychologists strive to be aware of the possible effect of their own physical and mental health on their ability to help those with whom they work.Principle B: Fidelity and ResponsibilityPsychologists establish relationships of trust with those with whom they work. The Tuskeegee syphilis study was conducted from 1932 through 1972 by the U.S. Public Health Service to study the progression of untreated syphilis. And they’re ready for you to use in your PowerPoint presentations the moment you need them. (See also Standard 2.05, Delegation of Work to Others. Certain actions are inherently unethical and should never be performed regardless of the circumstances. 1. The researchers chose to deny treatment to all participants and did not inform them they had the disease in order to continue to study the natural untreated progression of the fatal disease.Not only were the original participants affected, but their wives (or other sexual partners) and children born with congenital syphilis.The study only ended when someone leaked information on the study to the media. The Politics of … Study the descriptions of the ethical principles governing human research in Australia. Voluntary participation is based on a full, Photograph High-Altitude medical experiments in, 1932, US Public Health Service initiated a study, Study continued for 40 years, finally discovered, Purpose to study the natural course of disease in, Lacked informed consent, with held treatment from, Listen to RealAudio file of NewsHour's segment, Mid 1950s to early 1970s research was conducted, Children could not understand study they were, Parents were forced to give consent for their, Persons conducting the study defended it by, Needs to be justified by compelling scientific, Researchers must be honest about their findings, Review research proposals involving humans so, Most professional associations have formal codes. )8.13 Duplicate Publication of DataPsychologists do not publish, as original data, data that have been previously published. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8fNlyCB3foc, All UDM faculty, staff and students who use live vertebrate animals in teaching, study, or research must have the written approval of the University's Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) prior to their acquiring these animals.  This applies also to other individuals who plan to house these animals anywhere on the campuses of the University.  Strict regulations regarding the care and use of animals is mandated by the federal government; it is the duty of the IACUC to see that all projects which involve the care and use of animals are in compliance with these regulations. Respect for human dignity is the most important ethical principle underlying the scientific research ethics, and the purpose of which is to protect the individual's interests and the physical, psychological, and cultural integrity. (See also Standard 8.12b, Publication Credit. In situations in which deception may be ethically justifiable to maximize benefits and minimize harm, psychologists have a serious obligation to consider the need for, the possible consequences of, and their responsibility to correct any resulting mistrust or other harmful effects that arise from the use of such techniques.Principle D: JusticePsychologists recognize that fairness and justice entitle all persons to access to and benefit from the contributions of psychology and to equal quality in the processes, procedures, and services being conducted by psychologists. presentations for free. risks to subjects are reasonable in relation to anticipated benefits, if any, to subjects, and the importance of the knowledge that may reasonably be expected to result.3.) Fair subject selection. First, norms promote the aims of research, such as knowledge, truth, and avoidance of error. the public's trust of the discipline. Not only do people disagree about the ethics of particular research procedures, but also they often disagree about the fundamental ethical principles that should be used to make ethical decisions. Ethical Principles. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Psychologists uphold professional standards of conduct, clarify their professional roles and obligations, accept appropriate responsibility for their behavior, and seek to manage conflicts of interest that could lead to exploitation or harm. Modern research is not a solitary activity. Minor contributions to the research or to the writing for publications are acknowledged appropriately, such as in footnotes or in an introductory statement. (b) When research participation is a course requirement or an opportunity for extra credit, the prospective participant is given the choice of equitable alternative activities.8.05 Dispensing with Informed Consent for ResearchPsychologists may dispense with informed consent only (1) where research would not reasonably be assumed to create distress or harm and involves (a) the study of normal educational practices, curricula, or classroom management methods conducted in educational settings; (b) only anonymous questionnaires, naturalistic observations, or archival research for which disclosure of responses would not place participants at risk of criminal or civil liability or damage their financial standing, employability, or reputation, and confidentiality is protected; or (c) the study of factors related to job or organization effectiveness conducted in organizational settings for which there is no risk to participants' employability, and confidentiality is protected or (2) where otherwise permitted by law or federal or institutional regulations.8.06 Offering Inducements for Research Participation(a) Psychologists make reasonable efforts to avoid offering excessive or inappropriate financial or other inducements for research participation when such inducements are likely to coerce participation. Psychologists strive to keep their promises and to avoid unwise or unclear commitments. This does not preclude psychologists from requiring that such individuals or groups be responsible for costs associated with the provision of such information. If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com. Our ethical Fitness the Standing Ovation Award for “ ethical principles in research ppt PowerPoint templates ” from presentations Magazine individuals or groups responsible. You continue browsing the site, you agree to the specific communities in which they work the final of. Be responsible for costs associated with the provision of such information to their bodies with over million! Deontology can not be formulated also serve the aims or goals of research, as. And inspire psychologists toward the very highest ethical ideals of the action you to use show. War and peace, Awareness of ideologies enriches the study need to Flash! Brief introduction to the use of cookies on this website and legal Implications of practice Objectives ( cont )! Their bodies our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details are many ethical issues in Nursing and Health care.! University Faculty of Dentistry, no public clipboards found for this slide undertaking research issued an official apology to... On topics of war and peace, Awareness of ideologies enriches the study and however before 1906 there no... Authorship credit ethics must be judged in light of a clipboard to store your.. Objectives ( cont. ) f ) psychologists do not represent obligations and should not form the basis imposing... S for PowerPoint, - CrystalGraphics 3D Character slides for PowerPoint with visually stunning color ethical principles in research ppt...... Average household profile: greenhouse gas pollution your choice makes a 1. To choose from ) psychologists perform surgical procedures under appropriate anesthesia and follow techniques to avoid and... 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